Proper waste management is very important not only to the environment but also to our living space. Were it not for biodegradable waste, the landfills would get so big that we would run out of space. However, not every waste is biodegradable; certain materials such as plastic take up to 1000 years to decompose. It is important to get appropriate waste bin rental for such wastes and plan for recycling. The purpose of this post is to help you understand more about biodegradable waste and how they work.
To better understand this term, it is good to start by looking at the term biodegradation. This is the process in which materials are disintegrated by fungi, bacteria and other biological means. The rate at which disintegration takes place depends on chemical compositions of the material and where the material has been kept. Biodegradable waste is hence the waste that can be disintegrated by biological means.
Biodegradable items are those that decompose within a very short period of time. Here are some of the biodegradable items in our daily life and the duration it takes for them to decompose:
- Paper towel: 2 to 4 weeks
- Newspaper: 6 weeks
- Cardboard box: 2 months
- Apple core: 2 months
- Cotton gloves: 1 to 5 months
- Wax coated milk carton: 3 months
- Woolen gloves: 1 year
- Plywood: 1 to 3 years
- Plastic bags: 10 to 20 years
- Painted wooden stick: 13 years
- Tin cans: 50 years
- Plastic bottle: 100 years
- Disposable diapers: 50 to 100 years
- Aluminum cans: 200 years
- Glass: undetermined. Some sources claim glass never decomposes at all.
Decomposition of Food can be Longer
Fruits such as apples will rot and disintegrate once they hit the ground. It is, however, important to note that certain foods will take much longer to decompose. For example, orange peels will take up to 6 months to decompose whereas a banana peel or an apple core will decompose within a month.
Focus More on Recycling
There is a pretty good reason why there are so many companies offering recycling bin rental all over the country. This is because the focus is now more on recycling rather than dumping. When you think of materials that take much longer to decompose such as glass and plastic, it makes more sense to recycle them. Recycling will prevent ocean pollution and soil contamination.
Did you know that the world is moving towards the creation of biodegradable plastics? This is evident in the shopping bags. Although the technology has not yet been perfected with sources claiming these bags only break down into micro plastics, it is a great step.
Landfill and Gases
Landfills have been the most viable option for dumping both biodegradable and non-biodegradable items. The issue with the landfills is that they produce noxious gases as the waste is being crushed. The use of gas captures can help reduce the impact of this. The gas can then be used to generate electricity.
All things considered, recycling is the best way forward in combating the waste problem. Always get a bin rental before working on any project. You must then work with a recycling company to help with the waste disposal.